The Minoan Palace of Knossos is located 5 km southeast of Heraklion, in the valley of the river Kairatos. The river originates from Archanes, crosses Knossos and flows into Katsambas, the Minoan port of Knossos. In Minoan times the river had running water all year round and the surrounding hills were covered with oaks and cypresses, where today we see olive groves and vineyards. As for the pines in Knossos, they were planted by Evans. The 9,000 years of continuous habitation has brought about great changes in the natural environment, which do not allow us to easily imagine the real Minoan landscape. The first settlement on Knossos dates back to around 7,000 BC, in the Neolithic Age. The economic, social and political development of the settlement led to the end of the second millennium BC. in the construction of the majestic palace of Knossos.